Botanical Name : Phyllanthus Niruri
Tamil Name : Keela Nelli
The annual herb Phyllanthus niruri is best known by the common name stone-breaker.
Phyllanthus amarus, or niruri, is the plant commonly referred to as Phyllanthus or Bhumyamalaki. It is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family. It can grow to 12-24 inches in height and blooms with many yellow flowers. The whole plant and its aerial parts are used for many remedies, mostly biliary and urinary. It carries the seeds behind the leaves.
It is bitter, astringent, diuretic, febrifuge and antiseptic, cold, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and useful in liver disorders, cough, asthma, jaundice, spleen disorders.
- A poultice of the leaves with salt cures scabby infection and a poultice without salt is applied on bruise and wounds.
- A poultice of the leaves mixed with salt cures itch and other skin affections.
- Internally, it is benevolent in gastrointestinal ailments like loss of appetite, constipation, hyper acidity and excessive thirst. It also mitigates diarrhea and dysentery.
- The decoction of bhumyamalaki augments the liver functions and is used as a blood purifier in hepato-splenomegaly. It calms down the pitta.
- For women, menorrhagia and leucorrhea is effectively treated with the seeds of bhumyamalaki. The fresh juice of the whole plant works well, when given with ghee, in menorrhagia.
- It is also useful in diabetes and chronic fever. The mixture of powders of bhumyamalaki, cardamom, cinnamon and amalaki is beneficial in diabetes.
- The excessive thirst due to pitta vitiation is alleviated with the decoction of the herb in milk.
- Bhumyamalaki can also be of help as a general tonic in debility.
- In Philippines, decoction of dried entire plant is used as a bath for new borns. It is believed to remove disease-causing elements from skin.
- Keela Nelli is useful in removing kidney stones and stones in the urinary tract.It is strong diuretic and reduces calcium in the tract thus inhibiting further growth.