Scientific name: Sesbania grandiflora

Tamil/ Malayalam name: Agasthya muringa

Uses: Small pox, Fits, skin diseases, eye diseases, night blindness, anemia

This plant gets its name from the lore that this was a favorite tree of Sage Agasthya, the Maha Guru of all Siddha’s. The skin of this tree will be very smooth and green when young and becomes rough and blistered when old. There are two kinds of Agatthi, white variety and the red variety. The fruit of this tree is flat and elongated. Even the tender branches will burn when lit. The skin, leaves, flowers andfruits from this tree is used for medicine.
This tree can adapt to any climates and can be found growing everywhere in south India.
Medicinal Properties
The flowers and young leaves of agatthi are edible and are often used to supplement meals. Tender pods may also be eaten as vegetables. The dried leaves are used in some countries as a tea which is considered to have antibiotic, anti-helminthic, anti-tumour and contraceptive properties.
It has been used to cure, headaches, fevere, aggravated pitta, blood disorders, vata diseases, excessive phlegm, cough, general debilities. It is also know to cure excessive thirst, vitteligo, and poisonous effects. It can also act as a purgative and increases intelligence, decreases edema of the womb.

Active agents
The skin of this tree contains lots of  tannins, red gum etc. The sprouted seeds of this tree have large amounts of Vitamin C. The leaf has a high protein, calcium, phosphorous, Iron, vitamins A, B and Cetc. The flowers contain protein, Vitamins B and C. The seed contains protein, fats, carbohydrates and olieonolic acids.

Applications

Small pox:  This has been used to control Small Pox at its early stages; the leaf of the tree was boiled inwater and used to bathe the patient.

Fits: The patient is asked to smell a paste made from Agatthi leaves and pepper ground to a fine paste inin cow’s urine.

Eye disorders: The juice extracted from the Agatthi flowers were instilled into the eyes.

Night Blindness: The leaves of Agatthi was roasted in pure cows ghee and consumed daily two times

Pustules: The seeds of Agatthi were ground in milk and applied over the pustular lesions; the pustuleswill break and drain.

Anemia: The leaves of the Agatthi was cooked and eaten with meals.

Abnormal vaginal discharges: The extracted juice from Agatthi flowers was added to milk and given tothe patient to drink.